Original [Forme of Cury, S. Pegge (ed.)]
SALAT. XX.III. XVI.
Take persel, sawge, garlec, chibolles, oynouns, leek, borage, myntes, porrectes, fenel and ton tressis, rew, rosemarye, purslarye, laue and waische hem clene, pike hem, pluk hem small wiþ þyn honde and myng hem wel with rawe oile. lay on vynegur and salt, and serue it forth.
2 bunches parsley
1 handful of sage
2 bunches of scallions
3 leeks (white part only)
1 bunch mint
2 fennel bulbs
2 bunches watercress
1 sprig of rosemary
1 cup apple cider vinegar
1 cup extra virgin olive oil
1 tsp salt
- Chop onion, fennel, and leeks into bite sized pieces
- Combine vinegar, oil, and salt
- Add the chopped roots to the vinaigrette along with the rosemary leaves stripped from the sprig.
- Wash the remaining herbs, strip from stems and hand tear the leaves
- Add prepared herbs to the mixture in the vinaigrette, tossing to coat
This dish travels well, if you do the following:
Do not introduce the greens to the vinaigrette until you are ready to serve. As this was going to be for an event the next day. I put the mixed roots in the vinaigrette and let it set overnight. I washed and stripped the herbs, and took them on a spin in my salad spinner then put them in a gallon zip-top bag. When I put the salat on the vigil table, I dumped the roots in vinaigrette into the serving bowl, poured the herbs on top, then tossed to coat the herbs and distribute the roots evenly throughout.
My salad green modern equivalents
- persel = parsley
- sawge = sage
- garlec = garlic
- chibolles = scallions
- oynouns = onions
- leek = leek
- borage = borage
- myntes = mint
- porrectes = leeks, scallions, and/or green onions
- fenel = fennel
- ton tressis = cress (I used watercress)
- rew = rue
- rosemarye= rosemary
- purslarye = purslane
I could not get borage or purslane, and I totally forgot the garlic. There is a different version of this recipe which calls for “grene garlec” which would be ramps which are out of season in September
N.B. The recipe explicitly calls for rue, but rue is a traditional abortifacient. I do not use rue in any cooking application.