Scappi Fried Chicken

Original

[Opera dell’arte del cucinare, Bartolomeo Scappi; Louise Smithson (trans.)]; To fry the capon in various ways
CXXVI Make the chicken more than half cooked with water and salt, then cut into four quarters and put it for eight hours in a mixture made of white wine, vinegar, mosto cotto, pepper, cinnamon, clove, nutmeg, and thyme grounds and a crushed garlic clove. Take it from the said marinade and flour it and fry it in liquified lard and when it is done serve it how with a sauce on top made of the same marinade. One can also after one has pulled it out of the marinate finish it on the grill without flouring it, and also the capon can be put thus cut from the spine raw, and let it rest (in the marinade) two days and then parboil it and cut it in pieces and fry with lard (kidney/internal fat rendered) or lardo melted (seasoned backfat) the said capon should always be in season that is the young from the month of august through to christmas and the old for the whole year.

My Recreation
1 whole Fryer Chicken (about 5 lbs)
1 cup of White White (I used pinot grigio)
1 cup of White White Vinegar
1/4 cup Grape Molasses
1 tsp Black Pepper, ground
1/2 tsp Cinnamon, ground
1/2 tsp Nutmeg, ground
1 tsp Thyme, dried
1 clove Garlic, crushed
AP flour for dredging
2lbs of Lard (for frying)

  1. Place chicken in cold salted water and bring to a boil
  2. Simmer chicken for a half hour
  3. While chicken is simmering, make the marinade by combining wine, vinegar, grape molasses, and spices.
  4. When chicken is cool enough to handle, cut into quarters
  5. Place chicken in marinade for three hours
  6. Remove from marinade, and pat dry
  7. Dredge in flour, tap off extra, and lay on a rack
  8. Heat the lard in a large skillet (350 F)
  9. Place the chicken in the lard in batches (do not crowd the pan) and fry for approximately 10 minutes, flipping as necessary (for this batch we fried 3 minutes on one side, flipped fried another 3 minutes, flipped again fried another 2 minutes, then flipped a final time and fried 2 minutes)
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Sausage from Scappi Book II, CIII

Original

[Opera dell’arte del cucinare, Bartolomeo Scappi]; Per far mortatelle di carne magra di cigotto di porco domesticon in volto nella rete.
CIII. Piglinosi diece libre della soprascritta carne priva dossa, pelle, & nervi, la quale habbia del grasso, & magro, & battasi con li coltelli sopra la tavola, giungendovi otto oncie di sale trito, & sei oncie di finocchio dolce secco, quattro oncie di pepe ammaccato, un oncia di cannella pesta, meza oncia di garofani pesti, & sia ben mescolta insieme ogni cosa con la mano, & giunganovisi quattro oncie di acqua fredda, & menta, & maiorana battutat con un poco di serpillo, & lascisi riposare in un vaso di terra o di legno per quattro hore in loco fresco, & piglisi la rete desso porco ben netta di peli, & mollificata con acqua tepida, & faccianosi di tal compositione le mortatelle con la rete a foggia di tommacelle, & fatte che saranno lascinosi riposare il verno per due giorni in loco asciutto, & poi si cuocano su la graticola, overo nella padella con lo strutto liquefatto. Si protebbeno anco cuocere le tommacelle nello spedo tramezate con foglie di lauro, & le mortatelle si potrebbeno inspedare per lungo circondata di rame di rosmarino. Ma in qualunque modo sian cotte, vogliono esser servite calde. Della detta compositione si potrebbeno empir budelle di porco, che primo fossero state in sale, et piene che fossero il verno si potrebbeno lasciar stare per due giorni, & dapoi si potrebbeno alessare. Della detta carne magra dapoi che sar ben battuta si potranno anco far cervellate cn la rete, over in budelle, ponendo per ogni quantita di x. libre della dtta carne una libra et meza di cascio Parmeggiano grattato, et un oncia & meza di cannella pesta, un altra oncia & meza di pepe pesto, un ottava di zafferano, mezo bicchiero di acqua fresca, e tre oncie di sale; et come sar mescolata ogni cosa insieme si faranno le dette cervellate con la rete, overo in budelle, et si cuoceranno nel soprascritto modo; se ne potrebbeno ancho far tommacelle in rete, giungendovi otto oncie di uva passa, et otto rossi duova, et le dette tommacelle il verno saranno molto migliori se saranno fatte di due giorni. Delle mortatelle et altri salami che si fanno della detta carne non ne parlo, percioche non mai stato mia professione.

[Opera dell’arte del cucinare, Bartolomeo Scappi; Louise Smithson (trans.)]; To make mortatelle (sausages) of lean meat of boar or domestic pig wrapped in casing
CIII Take 10lbs of the above written meat without bones, skin and nerves, that which has both fat and lean. Beat with a knife on the table, and add eight ounces of cut salt, and six ounces of sweet dried fennel, four ounces of pepper coarsely ground, one ounce of cinnamon ground, half an ounce of ground cloves and mix everything together well with the hands. Add four ounces of water and mint and marjoram chopped with a little thyme. Leave to rest in a wooden or ceramic pot for four hours in a cold place. Take the casing of this pig well washed of skin and soaked in warm water, and make of this mixture the mortatelle with the caul in the way one makes tomacelle. And during the winter let them rest two days in a dry place, then one cooks them on the grill or in a frying pan with liquid lard. One can also cook them on the spit between bay leaves, and the mortatelle may also be spitted along the length of sticks of rosemary. But in whatever way they are cooked, you want to serve them warm. Of the same mixture you can fill guts of pig, that first are cured in salt, and when they are full in winter you can let them sit for two days and then they must be boiled. Of the said meat lean, that has been well beaten you can also make cervellate with the caul or the guts, take for every ten pounds of the said meat one and a half pounds of grated parmeggiano, and one and a half ounces of ground cinnamon, another ounce and a half of peppper ground, an eighth of saffron, half a beker of cold water and three ounces of salt, and as it is mixed everything together one makes the said cervellatte with the caul or with the guts and one cooks in the above mentioned way. If one also wants to make tomacelle in the caul, add eight ounces of currants (dried grapes) and eight egg yolks, and the said tomacelle in winter are much better two days after being made. Of the mortatelle and other salami that one makes from the said meat I will not talk as it has never been my job/profession.

My Recreation
5 lbs of Pork Loin
1/2 lb of Bacon
3 tbsp salt
4 tbsp fennel seeds
3 tbsp black pepper, ground
2 tsp cinnamon, ground
1 tsp clove, ground
1 cup boiling water
1 bunch fresh mint (.66 oz package)
1 bunch fresh marjarom(.66 oz package)
4 springs springs of fresh thyme

  1. Pour the boiling water into a heat proof non-reactive container (I used heat resistant glass) and add the fresh herbs
  2. When the “tea” reaches room temperature, remove the herbs and set the tea to the side
  3. Grind the pork and bacon on the largest die
  4. Combine the salt, fennel, pepper, cinnamon, and clove
  5. Add the spices and mix well to distribute them through the meat; this step works best done with your hands.
  6. Once combined, add the tea
  7. Mix again
  8. Cover and refrigerate overnight
  9. Form into balls (I use a 2 tbsp scoop) and bake at 375 F for 18 minutes.

 

*Notes
The recipe in Scappi is meant to be a preserved sausage, and I was planning on serving it as fresh. I also planned of serving it in meatball form, and not stuffing into a casing. So I cut down on the salt, and I used the proportions of spices in the recipe but not the quantity. The pork that was on sale was whole loins, which are less fatty than pork butt, and I have a little bacon left over from the bratwurst, so I added it to this sausage.

I also fried a test patty of the mixture without the tea, then after the tea was added. The herbs from the tea make a big difference.

Pickled Eggs

I decided to make pickled eggs and instead of throwing hard boiled eggs into the pickle left over from some pickled beets, I wondered if I could make them a little more “medieval.”  Using the recipes I have recreated from Compost from the Forme of Cury and from Solaet van pastinaken from Vorselman’s Eenen nyeuwen coock boeck, I created two very different pickling liquids for the eggs.

The “Compost” Pickling Solution
3 cups of Apple Cider Vinegar
1 tbsp Powder Douce
1 pinch Saffron
1 tsp Aniseed
1 tsp Fennel Seeds
1 tsp salt

The “Salad of Parsnips” Pickling Solution
2 1/2 cups of White Wine Vinegar
1 tbsp Coriander Seeds
1 tsp Black Peppercorns
1 tsp salt

For both solutions the method is the same:
Add ingredients to a pot and bring to a boil
Simmer for 4 minutes
Slowly pour over peeled hard boiled eggs in a heat proof glass container (I used a jar funnel to reduce the mess), filling the jar to the top.
Allow the eggs to cool before sealing.
Refrigerate for at least 3-4 days.

Updated Three Finger Mitten

My pattern
CO 28 stitches on size 7 needles
Spread evenly over three DPNs. Join to work in the round
Cuff
K2 P2 for 20 rows or until cuff reaches desired length
Hand
At the beginning of the next round, switch to size 9 needles and knit around adding one stitch on third needle.

Begin Thumb Gusset
Next round, knit 14 stitches, pm, M1R, K1, M1L, pm, knit around
Increase between stitch markers in this manner every third round until you have total of nine gusset stitches.
Next round, K to stitch marker, place stitches between marker on stitch holder, CO 2 st on right hand needle, K to end.
K 12 rows.

The Split
First Finger
Round 1: K8, CO 5 sts, slip 15 sts to stitch holder, k7. (20 sts)
K 12 rounds
Decreases
K3, K2tog repeat until the end of round. (16 sts)
K around
K2, K2tog, repeat until the end of round. (12 sts)
K around
K1, k2tog repeat until the end of round. (8 sts)
K around and split between two needles
Kitchener stitch the top, and weave in securely.

Second Finger
Transfer remaining 15 stitches from stitch holder onto needles.
Round 1: K15, pick up and knit 5 sts from 5 CO sts of other finger, join to work in the round. (20 sts)
K 12 rounds
Decreases
K3, K2tog repeat until the end of round. (16 sts)
K around
K2, K2tog, repeat until the end of round. (12 sts)
K around
K1, k2tog repeat until the end of round. (8 sts)
K around
K around and split between two needles
Kitchener stitch the top, and weave in securely.

Thumb
Place held stitches back on needle, pick up five stitches from around thumb hole, 14 st. Distribute evenly over double pointed needles. K for 1 ½ inches (about 10 rows)
Decreases
(K2, K2tog) 3 times, K2
(K1, K2tog) 3 times, K2
K2tog around. Break yarn and pull through remaining 4 sts. Pull tightly and weave in securely.

Weave in all ends.
Block.

Knit Two.

BothMittens

(I am aware that the Kitchener stitch did not exist in the SCA period)
To knit the Kitchener stitch
Break the yarn; leaving enough yarn to weave the stitches
To set up

  • On the bottom needle knit the first stitch, pull the yarn through but leave on the needle
  • On the top needle purl the first stitch, pull the yarn through but leave on the needle

Begin the four stitch pattern

  • On the bottom needle purl the first stitch, pull the yarn through, take off the needle
  • On the bottom needle knit the second stitch, pull the yarn through but leave on the needle
  • On the top needle knit the first stitch, pull the yarn through, take off the needle
  • On the top needle purl the second stitch, pull the yarn through but leave on the needle

The pattern ends when there is only one stitch on each needle. The stitch on the top needle isn’t needed and can be slid off the needle. On the bottom needle, purl the first stitch, pull the yarn through, take off the needle.

Lenten Slices

Original
The Viandier of Taillevent, T. Scully (trans.)
64. Tailliz. Prenez figues, roisins et lait d’amendes boully, eschaudez, galettes et crouste de pain blanc couppé menu par petiz morceaulx quarrez et faictes boullir vostre lait, et saffren pour luy donner couleur, et succre, et puis mettez boullir tout ensemble tant qu’il soit bien lyant pour taillierl et mettre par escuelles.

64. Taillis. Take figs, grapes, boiled almond milk, cracknels, galettes and white bread crusts cut into small cubes and boil these last items in your milk, with saffron to give it colour, and sugar, and then set all of this to boil until it is thick enough to slice. Set it out in bowls.

The Viandier of Taillevent, T. Scully (trans.)
207. Tailliz de Karesne. Prenez amendez pellees et broyez tres bien en ung mortier, puis ayez eaue boullue et reffroidiee comme tiedde et deffaictes les amendes et coulez parmy l’estamine, et faictes boullir vostre lait sur ung petit de charbon; puis prenez des eschaudez cuitz de ung jour ou de deux et les tailliez en menuz morceaulx come gros dez; puis prenez figues, dates, et raysins de Daigne et trenchez lesdictes figues et dates comme les eschaudez et puis y gettez tout et le laissiez especir comme Frommentee; et mettre du succre boullir avecl et pour luy donner coulleur convient avoir du saffren pour le coulourer comme Fromentee; et qu’il soit doulx salé.

207. Tailliz de Karesne: Lenten Slices. Grind skinned almonds very well in a mortar, then take lukewarm boiled water, steep the almonds, strain them and boil this milk on a few coals; take one- or two-day-old cracknels anc cut them into small pieces the size of large dice; then take figs, dates and seedless grapes, cut up the figs and dates like the cracknels, and drop everything into the milk and let it become as thick as Frumenty, and add in sugar to boil with it; the almond milk should boil briefly. To give it colour you should use saffron to colour it the same as Frumenty. Salt it lightly

Wel ende edelike spijse (Good and noble food), C. Muusers (trans.)
.xvij. Inde vastenen mortroel Maect dicke amandelen melc ende doeter toe soffraen ende nemt Corsten van witte broode Cleene ghesneden ende doetser in zieden ende doeter gecapte vyghen in ende graen van rosijnen van ouerzee de steenen vutgedaen

1.17. Porridge of almonds and bread in Lent. Make thick almond milk and add saffron. Take the crusts of white bread, cut in small pieces, and let them boil in it, and add chopped figs and grains of stoned raisins from oversea.

My Recreation
5 cups almond milk
1 cup chopped figs
1 cup chopped dates
½ cup golden raisins
½ cup sugar
1 pinch saffron
1 lb french bread loaf, dried and cubed

  1. Heat almond milk and saffron to a boil then simmer for 5 minutes
  2. Add sugar and bread and fruit and simmer for about 10 minutes
    Spread in pan to cool.

 

20171202_094500

Sambocade

Original

Filling
179. Sambocade.
Take and make a crust in a trap & take cruddes and wryng out þe wheyze and drawe hem þurgh a straynour and put hit in þe crust. Do þerto sugar the þridde part, & somdel whyte of ayren, & shake þerin blomes of elren; & bake it vp with eurose, & messe it forth.

XCIX Elder flower flavored tart
Elderflower flavored tart for twelve people. Take a large pot of fresh milk curds and take two pounds of fresh loin (of pork?), twelve eggs, three ounces of sugar and mature elder flowers. Take the milk curds with the water strained out, the eggs that you have, the pork belly fat or lard and the elder flowers and mix these things together and put into a crust. And this tart should be fat and sweet and it is good.
*- where did the loin disappear to. We were asked for a loin and then the pork belly fat appeared. If you were to view this as a sweet cheesecake recipe the pork loin obviously has no place. It may be a transcription error in the original manuscript or the recipe did originally call for pork fat from the loin.
The “late apresso” which I originally translated just as milk, appears to be pressed milk, which would make sense given that later we are told to take it strained of water, in which case it is a form of cheese curd

Crust
A Proper New Booke of Cookery, A. Veale
To make short paest for tarte. Take fyne floure and a cursey of fayre water and a dysche of swete butter and a lyttel saffron, and the yolckes of two egges and make it thynne and as tender as ye maye.

My Recreation
3 lbs of Cottage Cheese
12 egg whites
⅓ cup sugar
3 tbsp dried elderflowers
1 tbsp rose water
Crust*

  1. Line pan with prepared crust (I only used half of the made crust)
  2. Wring the liquid from the cottage cheese leaving just the curds
  3. Beat together the remaining ingredients
  4. Pour into crust
  5. Bake for 45-55 minutes until golden

crust filled prior to baking
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final baked sambocade
20171201_211530
*Crust
2 ½ cups flour
12 Tbsp. butter
4 egg yolks
1/2 tsp. salt
pinch saffron
¼ cup water

Notes

  1. 3 lbs of commercial cottage cheese with all the liquid squeezed out yields a lot less curds than you might imagine. I didn’t weigh the resulting curd mass but it easily fit inside a quart sized ziptop bag.
  2. I didn’t have access to elderflowers when I decided to make this so I used dried elderflowers acquired at a brewing store

Torta de Cerase (Cherry Torte)

Original

The Neapolitan Recipe Collection, Terence Scully (trans.) Torta de Cerase. Tolle cesrase rosse ho piu negre che si possa trovare, he poi caverai fora quello suo osso he pista le cerase in uno mortaro; poi piglia rose rosse he batile – dico, solo le foglie – cum uno cultello molto bene tute; poi habi uno poco de caso fresco he veghio cum specie a discretione, he canella he bono zenzaro cum poco pipero he zucaro, he miscolarai tute queste cose insieme, agiongendoli .vi. ova; et farai una crosta de pasta sopra la padella he cum meza libra de butiro, he ponella ha a cocere, dandoli el foco temperato; he quando he cotta, pone del zucaro he aqua rosata.

Cherry Torte. Get red cherries of the darkest available, remove their pit and grind them in a mortar; then get red roses and crush them well – I mean, the petals alone – with a knife; get a little new and old cheese with a reasonable amount of spices, cinnamon and good ginger with a little pepper and sugar, and mix everything together, adding in six eggs; make a pastry crust for the pan with half a pound of butter and set it to cook giving it a moderate fire; when it is cooked, put on sugar and rosewater.

My recreation
3 cups cherries (ground)
8 oz fontina cheese grated
2 lbs ricotta cheese
1 cup sugar
¼ cups dried rose petals
1 tbsp cinnamon
1.5 tbsp ginger
A fat pinch of black pepper
6 eggs
Crust*

  1. Line pan with prepared crust
  2. Grind defrosted frozen cherries
  3. Mix together all ingredients except cherries and eggs
  4. Whisk eggs and add to mixture
  5. Stir in cherries
  6. Pour into crust
  7. Bake for 90 minutes or until done
  8. Paint with rose water and prinkle with sugar when freshly removed from the oven.

Filled crust prior to baking
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Finished torte after baking
20171202_094450

* Crust
6 oz butter
2 cups white flour
½ tsp salt
¾ cup water (I think I used a smidgen too much by a tbsp or two)

Notes and decisions

  1. My mortar and pestle are too small to contain the amount of cherries to grind, so I used our meat grinder using the largest die
  2. I used food grade dried rose petals because I did not have access to pesticide free food safe fresh rose petals, but I picked over the dried flowers to remove all pieces which were not the petals
  3. I decided to use ricotta for the fresh cheese, I used store bought and did not make my own
  4. I decided to use fontina cheese for my old cheese, it is an Italian cow’s milk cheese that is aged. I could have used Parmesan but elected to use a softer cheese.
  5. I did not use a food processor to bring it together, but my stand mixer with a paddle attachment because it best replicated hand mixing.
  6. A pound in Italy in the period of the recipe was 12 ounces. Since the recipe explicitly called out a half pound of butter, I used my all butter pie crust recipe, adjusted to 6 ounces of butter. It exactly fit my 10 cup crockery pie pan
  7. I probably should have used my 12 cup crockery pie pan because it would have spread the mixture thinner and it would have cooked it faster
  8. I want to try making them muffin sized to be fair I want to try to make all my pies muffin sized at least once

Chicken Pies for Edyth’s Vigil

These pies are in essence medieval coq au vin, grave of small birds, in single serving pie form.

Original
Enseignements, D. Myers (trans.)
For a gravé of small birds – If you want to make a gravé of small birds, put the birds to cook in a pot all covered with crisped bacon, and add wine and water and pepper and ginger, and keep well covered that steam doesn’t escape that all will be cooked.

Du fait de cuisine, E. Cook (trans.)
19. And again a gravy of small birds and poultry: to give understanding to him who makes it, let him take about a thousand small birds and let these small birds be well plucked and carefully cleaned so that there remains neither feathers nor refuse; and take a hundred large poultry which are fair and clean, and let them be cut in half and cut into pieces, and one should make four pieces from each quarter, and wash them very well and cleanly with the small birds; and, being washed, put them to dry on fair, white, and clean boards. And take a great deal of lard and melt it in fair, large, and clean frying pans; and arrange that you have a fair and clean cauldron and put your small birds and poultry therein and strain your melted lard well and cleanly, then put it into the said cauldron over the said small birds and poultry. And take a great deal of bread according to the quantity of your meat and slice it into rounds and put it to roast on the grill until it is well browned; and have beef and mutton broth – and let it not be too salty – put in a fair and clean small cask, and put therein a great deal of clear wine; and when your bread is roasted put it to soak in the said cask of broth and clear wine. And take your spices: cinnamon, ginger, grains of paradise, pepper; minor spices: nutmeg, cloves, mace, galingale, and all spices – and let the said master be advised not to put to much in of anything, but have a temperate and sure hand in putting in that which it seems to him is necessary. And while he is straining his bread and his spices, let him have his meat sautéd over a fair clear fire; and let him have a man who stirs it constantly with a big slotted spoon so that it does not stick to the bottom and that it does not burn; and the said master in straining his bread and his spices should put while straining either a third or a half or what he has strained with his meat, so that the said meat will neither be spoiled nor burn, until he has strained all of it and put it into the said broth. And, being strained and set to boil, the said master should check and taste if it needs spices, vinegar, salt or something else and that it has too much of nothing; and do not wait until your meat is overcooked but draw it back over a few coals, at least until it is time to take it to the sideboard, and there, at the sideboard, it should be arranged in serving dishes well and properly.

My recreation
7 lbs chicken thighs
1 lb bacon, diced
2 cups red wine
2 cups chicken stock
1 tsp ginger
1 tsp black pepper
½ tsp cinnamon
1 tsp grains of paradise
¼ tsp nutmeg
¼ tsp mace
¼ tsp galangal
One loaf of bread, crust removed and cubed

  1. Render bacon in a skillet, removing the bacon pieces when they are desired doneness. Set aside.
  2. Brown chicken thighs in remaining bacon grease.
  3. Place the browned chicken in a pot with the wine, stock, and spices.
  4. Bring to a boil, then reduce to a simmer and cook until done.  Approximately 20 minutes
  5. Remove chicken and discard skin and bones.
  6. Place bread in to the cooking liquid, when cool puree until smooth
  7. Chill bacon pieces, chicken, and gravy until ready to assemble

Once the chick and gravy are cool enough so that they don’t melt the pastry, it is time to assemble.

  1. Preheat oven to 400 F
  2. Cut the pastry into circles that will fit your muffin tins
  3. Grease the muffin tins, then place the circle of pastry in the muffin cup.
  4. Use your fingers got form the crusts in the muffin pan (push the dough so the pastry so some creeps over onto the side and onto the flat part of the pan)
  5. Once all the muffin cups have been filled with pastry, refrigerate at least 10 minutes
  6. Use the chill time to cut the top crusts, then chill.
  7. When ready to assemble, remove the muffin pan fullplace the shredded chicken in the crust, sprinkle some bacon, then add some gravy.

    Filled chicken pies

    Pastry in muffin tins filled with chicken, bacon, and gravy. Ready to be covered.

  8. Cut a vent hole in the center of the top pastry, then cover. Press the pastry together with wet fingers (Crimping will make it look nice)

    Covered pies-chicken
  9. Place muffin tin into a 400 F oven for 15 minutes, then turn down to 350 F for another 15 minutes to complete bakingChicken pies - cooked

  10. Remove from pan when cool

Notes
I used commercial refrigerated pie crust. There is lard in the crust, but since there was bacon in the filling, I figured it was not impactful and it save me time.
I used the food processor to puree the gravy, the period method would have been pushing it through a sieve.

Een keesgheback (A cheese pie) for Eva’s Vigil

Original
The original text of the recipe, taken from Gheeraert Vorselman, Eenen nyeuwen coock boeck ( p.203).
Een keesgheback
Legget in coppen kese van Brij ende harde eyeren tsamen gestooten met peren ende hier toe neemt men suker ende heel doyeren van eyeren

English Translation from the Coquinaria site
A cheese pie.
Put in a pie crust some Brie cheese and hardboiled eggs, mashed together, with pears. And to this one takes sugar and whole egg yolks.

Dutch Cheese Pear Pie

My recreation
8 oz Brie cheese
2 hard boiled eggs, peeled and diced
1 pear, peeled and diced (I used a Bosc pear, other varieties may require a different quantity of pear)
4 egg yolks
1 1/2 tsp sugar
1 prepared pie crust

  1. Preheat oven to 400 F
  2. Beat together Brie and hard boiled eggs
  3. Lay in pie crust, making sure to cover the whole bottom of the crust evenly
  4. Cover with diced pears
  5. Whisk together egg yolks and sugar
  6. Pour yolk sugar mixture evenly over the pears
  7. Bake at 400 F for 15 minutes
  8. Reduce oven to 350 F and bake an additional 35 minutes
  9. Cool until room temperature.

My Observations
The translator on the website added punctuation to the recipe. The translation is “Brie cheese and hardboiled eggs, mashed together, with pears” there are no commas in the Dutch. So my choice was either mash the cheese and eggs together or mash the cheese, eggs, and pears together. I elected to just mash the cheese and eggs together. One, the pears were not interested in being mashed. Two, I was concerned that the mixture would be too wet. I was please with the results. I also realize that the recipe calls for egg yolks, but if I were going to make this in the future and not mash cheese, eggs, and pears all together, I would just use a whole egg (or two depending on volume) to pour over the top of the pears.

Wafers for Eva’s Vigil

Original

The original text of the recipe, taken from Gent KANTL 15. Published by W.L. Braekman in 1986 as Een belangrijke middelnederlandse bron voor Vorselmans’ Nyeuwen Coock Boeck (1560)
Om ghode waffellen te backen.
Nempt gheraspt wijt broet. Nemt daer toe enen doijer van enen ey ende enen lepel pot sucars of melsucars, ende hier toe nempt half waters ende half wijns ende ghenbar ende canel.

The original text of the recipe, taken from Gent KANTL 15. Published by W.L. Braekman, in Een nieuw zuidnederlands kookboek uit de vijftiende eeuw.
Om eyer wafelen.
Neemt ende raspt witte broot, daer eyer in alsoe vele dat is al morw deech, ende tot eender dosijnen eyer omtrent een gelas wyns, ende een lutken zuycker om den wyn wel zoet te maeken, ende wat gesmelter booteren daer in. Men maeckse oeck wel alsoe van terwenbloemen. Vanden broot eest best.

English Translation from the Coquinaria site
To bake good wafers.
Take grated white bread. Take with that the yolk of an egg and a spoonful of pot sugar or powdered sugar. Take with that half water and half wine, and ginger and cinnamon.

To make egg wafers.
Grate white bread, [add] as many eggs that the dough is liquid (litt. “soft”). Take for a dozen eggs about one glass of wine and a little sugar to sweeten the wine well, and some melted butter in it. They are also made with wheat flour. [Made] with [grated] bread is the best.

wafers

My Recreation
Ingredients
3 1/2 cups breadcrumbs (dried baguette pulverized including crusts)
4 large eggs
1 cup sugar
1 1/3 cups white wine (Moscato varietal)
1 cup butter, melted
2 tsp cinnamon
2 tsp ginger
1 tsp salt

  1. Beat eggs, sugar, salt, and wine until well combined
  2. Mix in the breadcrumbs, cinnamon, and ginger until smooth.
  3. Add the melted butter, mixing until smooth.
  4. Heat pizzelle iron and grease with non-stick spray
  5. Place 1 tbsp of batter in the center of the cookie design, repeat until each is covered
  6. Close iron, and cook until the light goes off.
  7. Remove the pizzelle from the iron, and cool on a rack.

My observations
I have made pizzelle for years, and I have to agree with the note in the original recipe, making them with breadcrumbs is best.  I also have an electric pizzelle iron that makes four pizzelle at a time, so a larger pizzelle iron will take more than 1 tbsp of batter per wafer.  Also, if you want to roll the wafer into a tube, use an iron that makes a larger sized pizzelle, because the mini-pizzelle did not maintain structural integrity when rolled.